Each performer was called upon to improvise and perform selections from his own compositions. As a composer, performer, and maker of pianos, he is known as the "father of the pianoforte. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a highly respected silversmith and Roman by heritage, and Magdalena Kaiser, who was Swiss. Muzio Clementi. Italian/English composer Muzio Clementi (1752-1832). In 1810, Clementi ceased his concerts to devote all of his time to composition and piano making. His name was Muzio Clementi, born in Rome in 1762 and adopted by Peter Beckford, a wealthy Englishman who took Clementi to London and supported him as a child of prodigy. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. His companions and competitors are aware of his progress too. Muzio Clementi. In a subsequent letter he even went so far as to say: "Clementi is a charlatan, like all Italians. Clementi is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum, to which Debussy's piece Doctor Gradus ad Parnassum (the first movement of his suite Children's Corner) makes playful allusion. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. But the main theme of Clementi's B flat major sonata captured Mozart's imagination, and ten years later he used it in the overture to his opera Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute). When he was fourteen years of age, a visiting Englishman returning from his ‘grand tour’, Sir Peter Beckford, cousin of the novelist William Beckford, took young Clementi with him back to his country estate in Dorset. Let us know what you think of the Last.fm website. Born in Italy, he spent most of his life in England. He had been married three times. Let us know what you think of the Last.fm website. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. His compositions from this early period, however, are few, and they have almost all been lost. Two of his students attained a fair amount of fame for themselves: Johann Baptist Cramer and John Field (who, in his turn, would become a major influence on Frédéric Chopin). ... Born In 1752. It was quickly discovered that he had a great talent at both the organ and harpsichord. Muzio lived in Rome. He was originally born in Rome, Italy, but spent the majority of his life in England, particularly London. While Clementi's music is hardly ever played in concerts, it is becoming increasingly popular in recordings. His musical talent became clear at an early age: by the age of seven he was in musical instruction, and was such a good student that by the time he was nine he had gained a position as a church organist. All user-contributed text on this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (baptized Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius), was born in Rome, [Italy] on January 24, 1752, and the following day baptized in the local church of S. Lorenzo in Damaso. Similarly his sonatinas would remain a must for piano students everywhere. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. 10 March 1832 (aged 80) Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. A new version of Last.fm is available, to keep everything running smoothly, please reload the site. Topics similar to or like Muzio Clementi. That Beethoven in his later life started to compose (mostly chamber music) specifically for the British market might have been related to the fact that his publisher was based there. He is a star Composer among all the celebrities. Starting in 1782, and for the next twenty years Clementi stayed in England playing the piano, conducting, and teaching. He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. Born shortly after Handel wrote his oratorio Jephtha and dead shortly after Berlioz wrote his Symphonie fantastique, Muzio Clementi failed to write anything equal to the originality of those two composers -- or, certainly, equal to the best of his closer contemporaries, Mozart and Haydn. BORN AT ROME 1752. His sonatas are rarely performed in public concerts, largely because they are seen as nonchallenging educational music. Muzio Clementi. His stature in music history as an editor and interpreter of Beethoven's music is certainly not less than as being a composer himself (although also criticised for some less docile editorial work, e.g., making harmonic "corrections" to some of Beethoven's music). Muzio Clementi. His father soon recognized his musical talent and arranged for private musical instruction with a relative, Antonio Baroni, the maestro di cappella at St. Peter's Basilica. Horoscope and birth chart of Muzio Clementi, born January 23, 1752 (time unknown), Rome (Italy) 1° 27' 8° 30' 16° 31' 21° 06' 14° 17' 2° 58' 10° 49' 27° 55' 24° 17' 27° 16' 1° 33' 0° 38' Display Parameters Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer.. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was born into a family of modest means in Rome. Artist descriptions on Last.fm are editable by everyone. However, Clementi was not only highly talented in music as a composer, pianist, conduc-tor and teacher. At the time, Clementi was exploring a more virtuosic and flamboyant style, and this might explain Mozart's disparaging attitude. Muzio Clementi was an Italian composer who lived from 1752 to 1832. Russian pianist Vladimir Horowitz developed a special fondness for Clementi's work after his wife, Wanda Toscanini bought him Clementi's complete works. First of all – basic details. Born: 24-Jan-1752 Birthplace: Rome, Italy Died: 10-Mar-1832 Location of death: Evesham, Worcestershire, England Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Westminster Abbey, London, England. Clementi was born in 1752 (two years after Bach’s death), and lived until 1832 to the respectable age of 80. Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752 - 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. ), Italian-born British pianist and composer whose studies and sonatas developed the techniques of the early piano to such an extent that he was called “the father of the piano.” That same year, Clementi struck a deal with Ludwig van Beethoven, one of his greatest admirers, that gave him full publishing rights to all of Beethoven's music. A likely reason that these later works were not published in Clementi's lifetime is that he kept revising and tinkering with them. Joseph Haydn. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Muzio Clementi is now a name on every mouth all over the world. Classical Period. Muzio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Horowitz even compared some of them to the best works of Beethoven. In return for this education, he was expected to provide musical entertainment at the estate. Let us tell you the full story of him. Muzio Clementi Fans Also Viewed . Some of Clementi's sonatas are more difficult to play than those of Mozart, who wrote in a letter to his sister that he would prefer her not to play Clementi's sonatas due to their jumped runs, and wide stretches and chords, that he thought might induce injury. Share. This so embittered Clementi that every time this sonata was published, he made certain that it included a note explaining that it had been written ten years before Mozart began writing Di Zauberflöte. He is best known for his piano collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. Aquarius. He marks a piece presto but plays only allegro". Clementi composed almost 110 piano sonatas. In Vienna, Clementi agreed with Emperor Joseph II to enter a musical duel with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for the entertainment of the Emperor and his guests. DIED AT EVESHAM 1832. ), Italian-born British pianist and composer whose studies and sonatas developed the techniques of the early piano to such an extent that he was called “the father of the piano.” Muzio Clementi in Biographical Summaries of Notable People Muzio Clementi was born on January 24 1752, in Rome. Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. Muzio Clementi. He was also a clever busines-sman and engaged himself in music trade and Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) was a classical composer, and acknowledged as the first to write specifically for the piano. Muzio Clementi began his music studies as a boy. He was also the first virtuoso performer on the instrument. However, despite being born in Italy he spent the majority of his life in England. Born Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi in Rome, Italy, he was the oldest of the seven children whose father was a silversmith and a Swiss mother. The ability of both these composer-virtuosi was so great that the Emperor was forced to declare a tie at the Vienese court that day on 24th December 1781. Main style: Classical Muzio Clementi, in full Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius Clementi, (born Jan. 23, 1752, Rome, Papal States [Italy]—died March 10, 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng. He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. Composer. John Field. Gender: Male Religion: Roman Catholic Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Composer. HIS FAME AS A MUSICIAN AND COMPOSER ACKNOWLEDGED THROUGHOUT EUROPE PROCURED HIM THE HONOUR OF A PUBLIC INTERMENT IN THIS CLOISTER. Born: January 23, 1752 in Rome, Italy. Muzio Clementi, in full Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius Clementi, (born Jan. 23, 1752, Rome, Papal States [Italy]—died March 10, 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng. Born in Rome, he spent most of his life in England. The restoration of Clementi's image as an artist to be taken seriously is not least due to his efforts. Leave feedback. January 24, 1752 - March 10, 1832. In 1830 he moved to live outside Lichfield and then spent his final, less exciting years in Evesham, where he died at the age of seventy-eight on 10th March 1832, . In 1774, Clementi was freed from his obligations to Peter Beckford, and he moved to London, where among other accomplishments he made several public appearances as a solo harpsichordist at benefit concerts for a singer and a harpist, and served as "conductor" — from the keyboard — at the King's Theatre, Haymarket for at least part of this period. He was born on 23rd January 1752, one of several children of Nicolo and Magdalena Clementi. Muzio Clementi (* January 23, 1752 in Rome, † March 10, 1832 in Evesham, England) was an Italian composer, pianist and music educator, and also a conductor, piano makers and music publishers. 36 no 1) in his Sonatine Bureaucratique. He was born four years before Mozart and died five years after Beethoven. In 1770, Clementi made his first public performance as a pianist. He was the first composer to write music for the pianoforte which made use of the instrument's special features. Born in Italy. Clementi was born in 1752 (two years after Bach’s death), and lived until 1832 to the respectable age of 80. Apart from that, he has not a kreuzer’s worth of taste or feeling - in short he is a mere mechanicus" (Latin for automaton or robot). Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi (23 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music … Born in Italy. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. MUZIO CLEMENTI CALLED THE FATHER OF THE PIANOFORTE. 3.1 works for piano two hands 3.2 works for piano four hands 3.3 Chamber Music 3.4 Orchestral works In 1766, Sir Peter Beckford (1740-1811), a wealthy Englishman and cousin of the eccentric William Beckford, took an interest in the boy's musical talent, and struck a deal with Nicolò to take Muzio to his estate of Steepleton Iwerne, just north of Blandford Forum in Dorset, where Beckford agreed to provide quarterly payments to sponsor Muzio's musical education. Clementi's impressions of Mozart, by contrast, were all rather enthusiastically positive. He was born in Rome, Italy.He was the first composer to write music for the pianoforte which made use of the instrument's special features. Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. His fame and popularity rose quickly, and he was considered by many in musical circles to be the greatest piano virtuoso in the world. Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752 – 10 March 1832) was a celebrated composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Clementi was born in Rome on 24thJanuary 1752, the first of seven children, to Nicolò Clementi, a … read more Topic. Muzio Clementi (24 January 1752, Rome - 10 March 1832, Evesham) Muzio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer that lived in the Classical era. On 12th January 1782, Mozart wrote to his father: "Clementi plays well, as far as execution with the right hand goes. Clementi started a European tour in 1781, when he travelled to France, Germany, and Austria. Connect your Spotify account to your Last.fm account and scrobble everything you listen to, from any Spotify app on any device or platform. 36, and continue to be popular practice pieces in piano education. Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi was an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. He was also the first virtuoso performer on the instrument. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. He is best known for his collection of piano studies, Gradus ad Parnassum. In addition to the piano solo repertoire, Clementi wrote a great deal of other music, including several recently pieced together, long worked on but slightly unfinished symphonies that are gradually becoming accepted by the musical establishment as being very fine works. But the animosity was not as far as we know reciprocated by Clementi, and in any case Mozart's letters are full of irreverent jibes which he never expected to become public. 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